Ghandi Memorial Museum
Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad, India. 1958-1963
Architect: Charles Correa
The commission was Charles Correa’s first important work in private practice. In order to reflect the simplicity of Gandhi’s life and the incremental nature of a living institution the architect used modular units 6 metres x 6 metres of reinforced cement concrete connecting spaces, both open and covered, allowing for eventual expansion. Correa’s subtle changes of the enclosure allow for variety in the module’s lighting, temperature, and visual permeability.
The museum uses a simple but delicately detailed post and beam structure. Load bearing brick columns support concrete channels, which also support the wooden roof. The foundation is made of concrete and is raised about a foot from the ground.
The monumental and archetypal structure of the museum recalls the well-known work of Louis Kahn, who began two projects in the region shortly after Correa’s museum was built.